Identification of new source of resistance against white rust

Kartar Singh, Jameel Akhtar , Neelam Shekhawat, Vijay Singh Meena, Ashish Gupta, Bharat Raj Meena, Rashmi Yadav, Veena Gupta


Mustard is one of the most important oilseed crops in India in general and in the Rajasthan in particular. Low yield in mustard is attributed to many biotic and abiotic stresses. White rust, a serious foliar disease caused by Albugo candida is one of the major threats responsible for significant reduction in yield (17-55 %). Among various management approaches, use of resistant varieties is considered best, as it is cost-effective and environment friendly. However, till now only few resistant sources against this disease have been reported. Therefore, in the present investigation, 34 rapeseed-mustard germplasms were evaluated in natural field conditions during 2019-20 and 2020-21 to identify sources of resistance. Out of 34, only one accessions (IC422166) showed immune reaction (0) whereas other accessions showed variable reactions ranging from resistant (1-3) to highly susceptible (>6) against white rust. The identified accession remained stable for disease immunity under artificial inoculation with environment-controlled conditions against different isolates of A. candida from mustard growing regions. Therefore, identified accession may have potential of utilizing as resistant donor in the crop improvement programme for developing resistant cultivars having good agronomic traits and highly productive genetic potential and also for mapping and tagging resistant gene against white rust


Germplasm, disease resistance, evaluation, mustard, white rust

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